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HCF Using Euclid's division lemma Calculator

Created By : Bhagya
Reviewed By : Rajashekhar Valipishetty
Last Updated at : Mar 29,2023

Use the HCF using Euclid’s division lemma Calculator an online tool to get the highest common factor of numbers quickly and easily. Insert the number in their place and click the “calculate” button to get the solution.

HCF Using Euclid's division lemma Calculator:

Is finding the HCF of a number using Euclid’s division lemma difficult? Take help from our tool HCF Using Euclid’s Divison Lemma Calculator. It will solve your question with a brief explanation of the procedure alongside. For a better understanding have a look at the examples provided below.

The Highest Common Factor (HCF) Calculator is used to calculate GCF of two or more whole numbers. Here, you can enter numbers separated by a comma “,” and then press the Calculate button to get the HCF of those numbers using the Euclidean division algorithm.

Ex: HCF of 24, 48, 64 (or) HCF of 16, 56, 12 (or) HCF of 8, 72, 48

HCF of:

Here are some samples of HCF Using Euclids Division Algorithm calculations.


Related Calculators:


What is Euclid’s Division Lemma?

The basis of the Euclidean division algorithm is Euclid’s division lemma. Euclid’s division algorithm is a method to calculate the Highest Common Factor (HCF) of two or three given positive numbers. Euclid’s Division Lemma says that for any two positive integers suppose a and b there exist two novel whole numbers say q and r, such that, a = bq+r, where 0≤r

Here, a and b are given numbers whereas q and r are Quotient and Reminder.

To find the Highest Common Factor (HCF) of two positive integers a and b we use Euclid’s division algorithm. Highest Common Factor (HCF) of two or more numbers is the greatest common factor of the given set of numbers. If we consider two numbers to find the HCF using Euclid’s Division Lemma Algorithm then we need to choose the largest integer first to satisfy the statement, a = bq+r where 0 ≤ r ≤ b.

Let’s get deep to see how the algorithm works when finding the HCF of two or more given numbers.

An Introduction to Euclid's Division Lemma

Euclid’s Division Lemma states that if we have two positive integers a and b, then there are unique integers q and r which satisfies the requirement,

 a = bq + r

here, 0 ≤ r < b.

The Euclidean division algorithm is based on Euclid’s division lemma. It is also called the long division process.

Mathematically, this algorithm can be expressed as a dividend that will be equal to a divisor multiplied by the quotient added with the remainder i.e represented as Dividend = (Divisor × Quotient) + Remainder.

Euclid’s division lemma is used to compute the Highest Common Factor (HCF) of a pair of positive integers a and b. As H.C.F is the largest number which divides two or more positive integers exactly. This implies, that on dividing both the integers a and b the outcome is zero.

Steps To Find HCF Using Euclid's division lemma 

To evaluate the HCF of two positive integers, let's take them as c and d, with c > d, proceed with the following steps below:

  • Firstly, Apply Euclid’s division lemma, to c and d. So, the whole numbers, q and r will be like 

 c = DQ + r, 0 ≤ r < d.

  • If r = 0, d will be the HCF of c and d. If r ≠ 0, refer to the division lemma to d and r.
  • Continue calculating with the above steps till you get the remainder as zero. The divisor at this stage or the last divisor will be assigned as HCF.

Special Case: If One of the Two Original Numbers is 0

As mentioned above if,

 r = 0

Then d will be the HCF of c and d.


In other words,

If (x, 0) are two numbers,

Then HCF of x and 0 will be x

i.e HCF(x, 0) = x

Because zero has infinite factors.

Solved Example Using Euclidean Algorithm For Finding HCF of Two Numbers


 Use Euclid's division algorithm to find the HCF of 276 and 726.


  • Because 726 is smaller than 275,

 726 > 275

This, by applying Euclid's division lemma to 726 with 275 as the divisor,

726 = 275 × 2 + 176

  • Because the remainder is not equal to 0, we apply the division lemma to 275 with 176 as the divisor

275 = 176 × 1 + 99

  • Because the remainder is not equal to 0, we apply the division lemma to 176 with 99 as the divisor

176 = 99 × 1 + 77

  • Still the remainder is 77 ≠ 0, we apply the division lemma to 99 with 77 as the divisor

99 = 77 × 1 + 22

  • Still the remainder 22 ≠ 0, we apply the division lemma to 77 with 22 as the divisor

77 = 22 × 3 + 11

  • Still the remainder 11 ≠ 0, we apply the division lemma to 22 with 11 as the divisor

22 = 11 × 2 + 0

Finally, the remainder is zero. So the process stops with this step.

The divisor at this phase is 11. So, the HCF(726, 275) = 11.

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FAQs on HCF Using Euclid Division Lemma

  • What is the HCF of 867 and 255 by Euclid division lemma?

By applying the Euclid division lemma we can determine the HCF of 867 and 255 as 51.

  • How to use Euclid's division lemma?

We can use Euclid's division lemma to determine the HCF of two large numbers using the statement,

 'a = bq +r' , where 0 ≤ r < b. 

  • What is Euclid's division lemma with example?

We can simply represent the lemma as Dividend = (Divisor × Quotient) + Remainder. For example 9=(4×2)+1

  • What is Euclid division algorithm class 10?

This is a simple technique required to calculate the HCF for any two numbers (positive integers).