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How to find LCM

How to find LCM is one of the best tools which not only helps you to find LCM of the numbers but also provides you with different methods so that you can gain more knowledge of this concept. Just input the numbers and click on the calculate button.

Ex: LCM of 12, 48, 64 (or) LCM of 16, 56, 22 (or) LCM of 8, 72, 48

LCM of:

Here are some samples of LCM of Numbers calculations.

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How to find LCM: Looking for a tool that can help you find answers to every type of LCM question with different difficulty levels and also provides side-by-side explanations with alternative method options then you are at the right place. Our How to Find LCM not only provides you answers but also delivers different methods, options and explanations of the calculation procedure side by side. 

What is LCM?

According to arithmetic and number theory, the least common multiple, lowest common multiple or the smallest common multiple of two numbers a and b, usually indicated as LCM(p, q) is the smallest positive integer which is divisible by both of the numbers. 

Because the division of integers by zero is undefined, this explanation has meaning only if a and b are both different from zero. LCM stands for Least Common Multiple. LCM is defined as the smallest common multiple between 2 or more numbers. 

Properties of LCM

  • LCM of a set of coprime numbers will be always equal to the product of the numbers.

Co-primes are a pair of numbers whose common factor comprises only 1. Thus, the LCM of two co-primes is always the product of these co-prime numbers. The LCM of p and q where p and q are co-primes is p × q.

  • The LCM of a given set of numbers will never be less than any of the given numbers.

The LCM is the smallest number that a set of numbers is divided into. Still, it will be greater than at least one number(or often both) of the given numbers. Moreover, if a number is the factor of another number, then their LCM will be the greater number itself. 

Formula for LCM

LCM formula for any two numbers and fractions are : 

L.C.M formula for any two numbers,

 L.C.M. = a×b / gcd(a, b)

And

LCM formula for Fractions

L.C.M. = LCM of Numerators / HCF of denominators

Keep in mind that the GCD or HCF is the greatest divisor which will be divisible by both numbers. 

The product of the LCM number of natural numbers is equal to the product of that number. LCM of a prime number is equal to the product of the number.

How to Find LCM?

The Least Common Multiple or LCM of numbers can be evaluated using several methods. 

  1. LCM by using Prime Factorization Method
  2. LCM by using Division Method

LCM by using Prime Factorization Method

With the help of the prime factorization method, we can easily find out the LCM of the given numbers. To evaluate the LCM of two numbers using the prime factorization method, use the steps given below:

  1. Note down the prime factors of the given numbers by repeated division method.
  2. Write the numbers in their exponential form. Calculate the stock of only those prime factors that have the highest power.
  3. The product with the highest powers of these factors will be the LCM of the given numbers.

LCM by Division Method

For finding the LCM by division method, you should divide the numbers by a common prime number. Later, these prime factors are used to evaluate the LCM of those numbers. For a better understanding of this method use the steps given below:

  • Firstly, Distinguish a prime number which is a factor of at least one of the given numbers. Note down this prime number on the left of the given numbers.
  • If the prime number in step 1 is also a factor of the number, then divide the number by the prime number and write the quotient below it. 

If the prime number in step 1 is not any factor of the number, then note down the number in the row below as it is.

  1. Proceed with the steps until 1 is left in the last row.

How to Find LCM of Two Numbers: Solved Example

Example: 

Find the least common multiple or LCM of 60 and 90 using the prime factorization method.

Solution: 

The prime factorization of 60 and 90 are: 60 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 5 and

90 = 2 × 3 × 3 × 5

If we write these prime factors in their exponential form it will be illustrated as, 

60 = 22 × 31 × 51 and

90 = 21 × 32 × 51

Now, let's calculate the product of only those factors that have the highest power among these.

That will be, 

 22 × 32 × 51 = 4 × 5 × 9 = 180

Thus, LCM of 60 and 90 = 180.

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FAQs on How to Find LCM in Calculator with Steps

  • What are the 3 methods to find LCM?

Several methods which can help you in calculating LCM are prime factorization, division method and listing multiples method.

  • What is the LCM for 24 and 36?

The Least Common Multiple for two numbers, that is evenly divisible by both 24 and 36 is 72. 

  • What is an LCM example?

The Least Common Multiple is the smallest integer which tends to be the multiple of any set of numbers. For example, LCM for 12 and 21 can be calculated using any of the above-explained methods, resulting in 84.